Professional Painting Contractor Serving Mission Viejo and Surrounding Areas Since 1997 | Custom Coatings and Finishes | Team CCF
Interior Painting Specifications
The performance of the paint or coating system
depends not only on the quality of the paint, but also on the quality
of the surface preparation. Even the highest quality paints that are
applied to poorly prepared surfaces will fail to give the service expected.
General surface preparation calls for all
surfaces to be clean and dry. Remove all dirt, dust, rust, stains, scale,
mildew, wax, grease, oil, bond-breakers, efflorescence, and other contaminants
that can adversely affect the paint adhesion and performance. Completely
remove all loose, peeling, or checked paint. In most cases, normal scraping,
power sanding, hand sanding, or wire brushing will adequately remove
peeling paint. A good paint and varnish remover may be used to remove
old oil-base coatings. Use these removers in strict accordance with
the manufacturer's directions.
Paint, regardless of quality, will peel if
applied over old paint that is not adhering securely to the underlying
surface. This happens because as the new paint film dries, it will contract
and cause tension on the underlying coat(s) of paint, which could pull
Glossy surfaces should be dulled by sanding,
washed with a solution of tri-sodium phosphate or treated with a liquid
de-glossing compound, such as Paso, to provide a roughened surface,
or "tooth", for good adhesion.
Fill minor cracks and holes with a suitable
patching or caulking material. Repaired surfaces should then be spot-primed
with a recommended primer. Crack lines around a door or window casings,
cabinets, baseboards, or other surfaces should be caulked with a latex
caulking compound. Fill all nail holes and other small holes with a
suitable spackling paste or wood putty. Major surface repairs, such
as holes in drywall and plaster, must be filled with a recommended patching
material that is designed for that purpose.
If mildew is present, remove it by washing
the surface. Use a commercially available mildew remover, or use the
following bleach solution, rinsing after with clean water:
1 gallon liquid chlorine bleach
3 gallons warm water
1/3 cup powdered detergent
(2/3 cup Tri-Sodium Phosphate may be
added for additional cleaning. However, this will leave a residue
which requires a thorough, double rinsing).
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