Types of Paint

Oil-Based Paint

Contains pigments usually suspended in linseed oil, a drier, and mineral spirits or other types of thinner. The linseed oil serves as the binder for the pigments, the drier controls drying time, the thinner controls the flowing qualities of the paint. As the thinner evaporates, the mixture of pigments and oil gradually dries to an elastic skin. As the oil absorbs oxygen from the air (or cures), the curing action bonds a tough paint film to the applied surface. Oil paints are used inside and outside and are regarded as the traditional house paint.

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Consists of a solution of resins in a drying oil. Varnish contains little or no pigment. It dries and hardens by evaporation of the volatile solvents, oxidation of the oil, or both.

Varnish is recommended for both outdoor and indoor applications where a hard, glossy finish that is impervious to moisture is desired. For a satin finish, the gloss varnish surface can be rubbed down with steel wool, or a “satin” varnish can be used. As a floor finish, varnish provides a hard, durable film that will not greatly alter the tone of the wood.

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Enamel is a varnish with pigments added. Enamel has the same basic durability and toughness of a good varnish. It produces an easy-to-clean surface, and in the proper formulation, it can be used for interior and exterior applications. For the highest quality interior work, an undercoat is required.

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Latex Paint

Consists of a dispersion of fine particles of synthetic resin and pigment and water. Latex paints are quick drying, low on odor, and thinned with water. They permit the repainting and decorating of a room within a day. Because latex paints set quickly, tools, equipment, and splattered areas should be cleaned properly with warm, soapy water.

No special primer is required for interior applications except over bare metal or wood, or over highly alkalined surfaces. Spot priming with shellac should be avoided because shiny spots will bleed through the latex film.

Exterior latex house paint can be applied directly to old painted surfaces. On new wood, it should be applied over a primer. For other surfaces, follow specific label directions.

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Water-Reducible Paints

The term has come into wider use in the paint business within the past few years. These products are also called “water-based” or “water-borne” paints. They include the well-known latex products, as well as products based on new synthetic polymers. While both groups employ water as the reducing agent, the chemistry of each is different.

For example, most latex coatings dry by solvent evaporation or coalescence. The new synthetic polymeric paints dry by a combination of solvent evaporation and chemical cross-linking.

Chemical cross-linking frequently requires the blending of two materials (these products are called two-component coatings) and a “digestion” time before the coating can be applied. The blending of specific materials results in chemical cross-linking and outstanding performance features, such as mar resistance, scratch resistance, washability, and stain resistance.

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Alkyd finishes are produced in four sheens: flat, semi-gloss, low-luster, and high-gloss.

Flat finishes have a velvety texture and are used to produce a rich, softly reflective surface. Alkyd flats can often be applied to painted walls and ceilings, metal, fully cured plaster, wall board, and wood work without a primer. When required, the primer should be a similar material. For high alkaline surfaces, an alkali-resistant primer should be used.

Semi-gloss or low-luster types add just enough sheen to wood work and trim for contrast with flat finish wall surfaces. Each offers great resistance to wear and washing. Low-luster enamels are preferred in such areas as kitchens, bathrooms, nurserys, and school rooms.

Alkyd high-gloss enamels are often used for even greater surfacability and washability.

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Two-part formulation which is thoroughly mixed just before use. Epoxy finishes are extremely hard and durable and excellent for demanding applications. They can be used for protecting materials such as steel, aluminum, and fiberglass. The paint film dries to a brilliant gloss. The tile-like finish is smooth, easy to clean, and lasts for years under the most severe conditions.

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Polyester Epoxy

Two-component materials that are usually mixed prior to application. Polyester epoxy combines the physical toughness, adhesion, and chemical resistance of an epoxy with the color retention and permanent clarity of polyester. The film is stain resistant and moisture resistant.

Polyester epoxy is available in gloss and semi-gloss sheens, and can be applied to any firm interior surface. Pot life is a full working day.

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Acrylic Epoxy

Chemically, acrylic epoxy coatings provide the resistance to staining, yellowing, and scuffing of acrylic resins, combined with the toughness, acid and alkali-resistance of epoxys. Their performance characteristic are almost equal to those of polyester epoxy solvent based products and their stain resistance is superior.

Acrylic epoxy coatings are available in gloss and semi-gloss finishes in both clear and pigmented formulations. Colorant can be added to the pigmented products to achieve hundreds of colors.

Though priced higher than conventional enamels, acrylic epoxy coatings offer superior wash-ability, non-yellowing characteristics, and generally three to five times longer life, which makes them an outstanding value for interior walls continuously subjected to hard use conditions.

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Polyamide Epoxy

Tough, two-component finish with outstanding hardness, abrasion resistance, alkali and acid resistance, and adhesion when dry. Excellent as a concrete floor finish where heavy traffic wears through an alkyd finish in a short time.

For exterior applications, polyamide epoxy will chalk and lose gloss on prolonged exposure, however film integrity is not lost. back to top

Urethane Modified Alkyds

One-component finishing material for outstanding abrasion resistance on wood floors, furniture, paneling, cabinets, etc. Good resistance to normal household materials such as alcohol, water, grease, etc. It may yellow to some degree with age.

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Acrylic Urethane Coatings

Recommended for areas that demand superior chemical and stain resistance, plus color and gloss retention. They are suitable for both interior and exterior application on properly primed steel, aluminum, and masonry which are subjected to high acids and alkalidty.

These products are designed to be used in commercial and industrial applications, but not in homes. Acrylic urethane coatings have high performance properties including excellent resistance to salt, steam, grease, oils, many coolants, solvents, and general maintenance-type machinery fluids. They also have excellent film properties and resistance to scratching, marring, and chipping. The tile-like gloss and semi-gloss finishes provide a superior corrosion-abrasion resistance, while maintaining excellent gloss and color retention on exterior exposures for long periods of time.

The color and gloss retention and chemical resistance of acrylic urethane coatings will exceed those of conventional high-performance coatings. They also dry to the touch faster than any other heavy-duty top coat.

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An all-purpose aluminum paint formulated with varnish as the vehicle for aluminum flake pigment. As the paint dries, the aluminum flakes float to the surface, providing a reflective coating highly resistant to weathering. Also suitable for interior use on wood, metal, or masonary.

When formulated with an asphalt base, aluminum paint offers maximum adhesion and water-resistance at low cost when applied to asphalt composition.

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A long-standing favorite for finishing wood floors, trim, and furniture. Shellac is thinned with alcohol and should be applied in dry, warm air to avoid clouding. It dries dust-free in 15-20 minutes.

Shellac can be used as a pre-staining wash coat to obtain an even stain tone on porous or soft wood such as pine. It can also be used to change the tone of an already shellacked surface by tinting it with alcohol soluble aniline dye.

Instead of re-staining, pigmented shellac (also called “shellac enamel”) is often used as a sealant over stained finishes for a uniform, freshly painted surface.

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A solution of film forming materials, natural or synthetic, usually applied as an ornamental or protective coating. Quick-drying synthetic lacquers are used to coat automobiles, furniture, textiles, paper, and metal wear. The lacquer formula may be varied to impart durability, hardness, gloss, or imperviousness to water. Nitrocellulose (pyroxylin) lacquers are the most widely employed. Slower drying natural lacquers contain oleo resins obtained from the juice of trees, especially of Rhus Vernicifera, a sumac of Southeast Asia.

Lacquers can come either pigmented or clear in a variety of sheens from matte to high-gloss finish.

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Team CCF Painters in Orange County. Painting company for house painting or business painting. painting contractors, Mission Viejo, Orange County, painter, painting company, house painting, house painter, paint home, painters in Orange County, painting Contractors, painters in Mission Viejo. Are you looking for painters in Mission Viejo?